Predictors of Orphanage Residents’ Life Satisfaction: Basic Psychological Needs and Cognitive Emotion Regulation
The present study examined life satisfaction, basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness) and cognitive emotion regulation strategies among Pakistani orphanages residents (8-17 years). For study, 372 residents comprised the sample of study, from three orphanage types. 123 residents of Pakistan Sweet Home (PSH), 128 residents of children’s village and 121 residents of local orphanages completed the assessment battery consisted to Student Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS; Huebner, 1991), Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale-Child version (NSF; Van der Kaap-Deeder et al., 2015) and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Kids (ERQ; Granefski, Rieffe, Jellesma, Terwogt, & Kraaij, 2007). Analysis indicated relationship of study variables: life satisfaction, psychological needs and strategies of cognitive emotion regulation. Life satisfaction was positively predicted by relatedness satisfaction and autonomy satisfaction. However, unfulfilled relatedness need, and catastrophizing were negatively predicting satisfaction with life. Findings may be implicated for provision of better environment in orphanages of Pakistan.
Ahmad, A. (2019, June 2). Body to formulate standards for orphanages. The Dawn. Retrieved from https://www.dawn.com/news/1491540
Chen, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Beyers, W., Boone, L., Deci, E. L., Van der Kaap-Deeder, J., & Verstuyf, J. (2015). Basic psychological need satisfaction, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures. Motivation and Emotion, 39(2), 216-236. Retrieved from http://link.spri nge r.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11031-014-9450-1
Deci, E. L., & Ryan R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum Press.
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125 (2), 276-302.
Fishman, S. M. (2012). Bonica's management of pain. Lippincott: Williams & Wilkins.
Garnefski, N., & Kraaij, V. (2007). The cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire: psychometric features and prospective relationships with depression and anxiety in adults. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 141-149. doi:10.1027/1015-57188.8.131.52
Garnefski, N., Kraaij, V., & Spinhoven, P. (2001). Negative life events, Cognitive emotional regulation and emotional problems. Personality and Individual differences, 30(8), 1311-1327.
Garnefski, N., Rieffe, C., Jellesma, F., Terwogt, M. M., & Kraaij, V. (2007). Cognitive emotion regulation strategies and emotional problems in early adolescents: The development of an instrument. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 16(1), 1-9. doi:10.1007/s00787-006-0562-3
Garnefski, N., Teerds, J., Kraaij, V., Legerstee, J., & Kommer, T.V.D., (2003). Cognitive emotion regulation strategies and depressive symptoms: Differences between males and females. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 267-276.
Global Orphan Relief (2013). B. M. S. Orphan Care Home, Habibabad. Retrieved from http://www.globalorphanrelief.org/projects/bms-orphan-home-habibabad-pakistan
Gross, J. J. (2001). Emotion regulation in adulthood: Timing is everything. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10(6), 214-219.
Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348-362.
Hollified, C. R., & Conger, K. J. (2015). The role of siblings and psychological needs in predicting life satisfaction during emerging adulthood. Retrieved from http://eax.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/1 2/10/2167696814561544
Huebner, E. S. (1991). Initial development of the student’s life satisfaction scale. School Psychology International, 12(3), 231-240. doi:10.1177/014 3034391123010
Human Relief Foundation (2014). Report on World’s Orphans. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/7765230/Report_on_World_s_Orphans.
Jermann, F., Linden, M. V., D’Acremont, M., & Zermatten, A. (2006). Cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire (CERQ) confirmatory factor analysis and psychometric properties of the French translation. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 22(2), 126-131. doi:10.1027/1015-57184.108.40.206
Kasser, V. G., & Ryan, R. M. (1999). The relationship of psychological needs for autonomy and relatedness to vitality, wellbeing and mortality in nursing homes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29(5), 934-954. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb00133.x
Khawar, R. (2012). Translation of Cognitive Emotion regulation Questionnaire for kids (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.
Lu, Q., Uysal, A., & Teo, I. (2011). Need satisfaction and catastrophizing: Explaining the relationship among emotional ambivalence, pain, and depressive symptoms. Journal of Health Psychology, 16(5), 819-27. doi:10.1177/1359105310392092.
Mahanta, D., & Aggarwal, M. (2013). Effect of perceived social support on life satisfaction of university students. European Academic Research, 1(6), 1083-1094. Retrieved from http://euacade mic.org/uploadarticle/72 .pdf
OECD (2014). Life satisfaction?, in Society at a Glance 2014: OECD Social Indicators. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from https://www.oecdilibrary. org/social-issues-migration-health/society-at-a-glance-2014/life-satisfact ion_soc_glance-2014-27-en
Petersen, A. C., Compas, B. E., Brooks-Gunn, J., Stemmler, M., Ey, S., & Grant, K. E. (1993). Depression in adolescence. American Psychologist, 48(2), 155-168.
Predescu, E., & Sipos, R. (2013). Cognitive coping strategies, emotional distress and quality of life in mothers of children with ASD and ADHD-A comparative study in a Romanian population sample. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 3(2), 11-17. doi:10.4236/ojpsych.2013.32A003.
Qahhar, W., & Tahir, S. (2012). Quality of life and coping strategies among orphans and non-orphans’ adolescents (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Rana, S. (2019, April 6). In Pakistan, millions more to fall below poverty line. The Express Tribune. Retrieved from https://tribune.com.pk/story/2 115274/2-millions-fall-poverty-line/
Ryan, R. M. (1995). Psychological needs and facilitation of integrative process. Journal of Personality, 63(3), 398-427. Retrieved from http://entrevistamotivacional.pt/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/1995Ryan-Psychological-needs-and-the-facilitation-of-integrative-processes.pdf
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and wellbeing. American Psychological Association, 55(1), 68-78.
Saris, W. E., Veenhoven, R., Scherpenzeel, A. C., & Bunting, B. (1996).A comparative study of satisfaction with life in Europe. Eötvös University Press, 2, 11-48.
Shouket, H., & Dildar, S. (2015). Psychological needs, cognitive emotion regulation and life satisfaction among orphanage children and adolescents (Unpublished master’s thesis). Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan.
Simpson, D. M., McArthur, J. C., & Dworkin, R. H. (2012). Neuropathic pain: Mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.com.pk/books ?Id=1fF7pRxFzZUC&dq=Catastrophizing+Predicting+Life+Satisfaction&source=gbs_navlinks_s Subramanian, S., & Nithyanandan, D. V. (2008). Hardiness and optimism as moderators of the types of cognitive emotion regulation strategies among adolescents who had encountered negative life events. Journal of Indian Health Psychology, 2(2), 167-177.
Suldo, S. M., & Huebner, E. S. (2004). The Role of life satisfaction in the relationship between authoritative parenting dimensions and adolescent problem behavior. Social Indicators of Research, 66(1), 165-195. doi:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000007498.62080.1e
Tan, C. (n.d.). Expatriates’ life satisfaction and their willingness to stay longer in Malaysia. Retrieved from https://www.google.com.p k/url?sa= t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCAQFjAAahUKEwj_uPLPhNnHAhVDsxQKHZV0BNA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fiussp2009.princeton.edu%2Fpapers%2F90296&usg=AFQjCNEfILPUyqOQ8g2ebkJQ015N1RcyJA&bvm=bv.101800829,d.ZGU
Van der Kaap-Deeder, J., Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, S., Loeys, T., Mabbe, E., & Gargurevich, R. (2015). Autonomy-supportive parenting and autonomy-supportive sibling interactions: The role of mothers’ and siblings’ psychological need satisfaction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41(11), 1-15.
Verstuyf, J., Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., Boone, L., & Mouratidis, A. (2013). Daily ups and downs in women’s binge eating symptoms: The role of basic psychological needs, general self- control and emotional eating. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 32(2), 335-361.