Construction and Validation of Fida and Najam Job Autonomy Scale for Employees
In this study a comprehensive scale of job autonomy was developed for Pakistani employees. In phase-I focus group discussion was used to generate forty-four items for the scale. In phase-II, pilot study was carried out. In the phase III, psychometric properties and factorial validation of Fida and Najam Job Autonomy Scale (FNJAS) was done on the sample of N =340 bank employees. Factor analysis reduced the items to twenty-eight and yielded six sub-areas of job autonomy, i.e., autonomy in decision making, autonomy in social interactions at work, autonomy in job functioning, autonomy in following system and procedures, autonomy in work decorum, and autonomy in availing refreshment time. Significant reliability coefficient (.80) was found. Discriminant and convergent validity was also established. DASS-21 (Lovibond and Lovibond, 1995) and Job Satisfaction Survey (Spector, 1997) were used, revealing significant validities. It has been concluded that FNJAS was reasonably reliable and valid scale for the assessment of job autonomy among the employees. This scale will help the professionals, decision makers, authorities, and employers to find out the autonomy of job, its requirements, and intensity among employees.