Music Preference Dimensions and Personality Traits Among University Students

Authors

  • Summaira Naz Hazara University
  • Anila Kamal Quaid-i-Azam University
  • Mussarat Jabeen Khan International Islamic University
  • Humaira Bibi Hazara University

Keywords:

Music preference, dimensions, personality, traits, university students

Abstract

The present study explored the relationship between music reference dimensions and personality trait. This study comprised of three stages.  In Stage-I, adaptation of Short Test of Music Preference Scale (STOMP; Rentfrow & Gosling, 2003) was done. In Stage-II the psychometric properties of adapted STOMP Scale and NEO-PI-R (Costa & McCrea, 1992) were determined on a sample of 60 students  (20-25 years). Stage-III involved measuring the relationship between music preference dimensions and personality traits on sample of  250 students age range of 20-25 years. Results revealed that extraversion, openness to experience, and agreeableness showed positive association with intense and rebellious music, upbeat and conventional music, and reflective and complex music. Whereas extraversion and openness to experience was negatively associated with energetic and rhythmic music. Additionally, neuroticism was negatively related with reflective and complex music, and agreeableness has negative relation with intense and rebellious music. Conscientiousness has negative relationship with reflective and complex, intense and rebellious, and upbeat and conventional; while exhibited positive relationship with energetic and rhythmic music. Future implications of the study were also discussed.

References

Costa, P. T., & McCrea, R. R. (1992). Professional manual of revised NEO personality inventory and NEO five-factor inventory. New York: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.

Crust, L., & Clough, P. J. (2006). The influence of rhythm and personality in the endurance response to motivational asynchronous music. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(2), 187-195. doi: 10.1080/02640410500131514

Dollinger, S. J. (1993). Research notes: Personality and music preference: Extraversion and excitement seeking or openness to experience. Psychology of Music, 21(1), 73-77. doi:10.1177/030573569 302100105

Fricke, K. R., & Herzberg, P. Y. (2017). Personality and self-reported preference for music genres and attributes in a German-speaking sample. Journal of Research in Personality, 68, 114-123. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2017. 01.001

Glassmire, J. L. (2005). Effects of music preferences on young adults. The Undergraduate Journal of Psychology, 18(3), 1-4.

Gosling, S. D., Ko, S. J., Mannarelli, T., & Morris, M. E. (2002). A room with a cue: Personality judgments based on offices and bedrooms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(3), 379-398. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.82.3.379

Greenberg, D., Kosinski, M., Stillwell, D. J., Monteiro, B. L., Levitin, D. J., & Rentfrow, P. J. (2016). The song is you: Preferences for musical attribute dimensions reflect personality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(6), 597-605. doi:10.1177/194855061 6641473

Hargreaves, D. J., & North, A. C. (1999). The functions of music in everyday life: Redefining the social in music psychology. Psychology of Music, 27 (1), 71-83. doi:10.1177/ 0305735699271007

Herrera, L., Soares-Quadros, J. F., & Lorenzo, O. (2018). Music preferences and personality in Brazilians. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1488-1498. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01488

Kallinen, K. (2005). Emotional ratings of music excerpts in the western art music repertoire and their self-organization in the kohonen neural network. Psychology of Music, 33(4), 373-393. doi:10.1177/030573 5605056147

Karageorghis, C. I., Johnes, L., & Low, C. D. (2006). Relationship between exercise heart rate and music tempo preference. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Support, 77(2), 240-250. doi:10.1080/02701367.2006.1059 9357.

Langmeyer, A., Guglhor-Rudan, A., & Tarnai, C. (2012). What do music preferences reveal about personality? Journal of Individual Differences, 33(2), 119-130. doi:10.1027/1614-0001/a000082

Laukka, P. (2006). Uses of music and psychological well-being among the elderly. Journal of Happiness Studies, 8(1), 215-241. doi:10.1007/s1090 2-006-9024-3

Marc, J. M., Delsing, H., Tom, F. M., Rutger C. M., Engels, E., & Wim, H., Meeus, J. (2008). Adolescents’ music preferences and personality characteristics. European Journal of Personality, 22(1), 109-130.

Morin, A. (2020). Music preferences and your personality: What does your taste in music reveal about you? Retrieved from https://www.veryw ellmind.com/music-and-personality-2795424#:~:text=Experts%20note% 20that%20personality%20traits,for%20a%20variety%20of%20purposes.

North, A. C., Hargreaves, D. J., & Hargreaves, J. J. (2004). Uses of music in everyday life. Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 22(1), 41-77. doi:10.1525/mp.2004.22.1.41

Ockelford, A. (2006). Implication and expectation in music: A zygonic model. Psychology of Music, 34 (1), 81-142. doi:10.1177/030573560605 9106

Pearson, J. L., & Dollinger, S. J. (2004). Music preference correlates of Jungian types. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 1005-1008.

Pervin, L. A., & John A. O. (2001). Personality: Theory and research (8th ed). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Rawlings, D., & Ciancarelli, V. (1997). Music preference and the five-factor model of the NEO Personality Inventory. Psychology of Music, 25(2), 120-132. doi:10.1177/0305735697252003

Rentfrow, P. J. (2012). The role of music in everyday life: Current directions in the social psychology of music. Social and Personality Psychology Compass 6 (5), 402-416. doi:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2012.00434.x

Rentfrow, P. J., & Gosling, S. D. (2003). The do remi’s of everyday life: The structure and personality correlates of music preferences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(6), 1236-1256. doi: 10.1037/0022 -3514.84.6.1236

Rentfrow, P. J., & Gosling, S. D. (2007). The content and validity of stereotypes about fans of 14 music genres. Psychology of Music, 35(2), 306-326. doi:10.1177/0305735607070382

Swann, W. B., Jr., Rentfrow, P. J., & Guinn, J. S. (2003). Self-verification: The search for coherence. In M. R. Leary & J. P. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of self and identity (pp. 367-383). New York: The Guilford Press.

Vella, E. J., & Mills, G. (2017). Personality, uses of music, and music preference: The influence of openness to experience and extraversion. Psychology of Music, 45(3), 338-354. doi:10.1177/0305735616658957.

Vermeir, I., & Geuens, M. (2004). Need for closure and media use and preference of youngster. Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Gent, Belgium.

Zweigenhaft, R. L. (2008). A closer look at personality correlates of music preference. Journal of Individual Differences, 29(1), 45-55. doi:10.1027/ 1614-0001.29.1.45

Published

2021-09-30

Issue

Section

Articles